Visoki Dečani Monastery, the first cultural monument on the territory of Kosovo Province, is situated in the western part of the UN administered Serbian province of Kosovo and Metohia. It was built between 1327 and 1335 by the Serbian medieval king St. Stephen of Dečani and was dedicated to the Ascension of the Lord. The construction activities were continued by his son Stefan Dusan until 1335, but the wall-painting was not completed until 1350.
On the eastern wall of church porch it was preserved the fresco with the image of "Vine or genealogical tree of Nemanichies", which based on the iconography of the "Tree of Jesse". "Vine or genealogical Tree of Nemanichies" for the first time appears in Grachanitse (1321), where the generation of Nemanichies is represented in the form of the genealogical tree, in branches of which are placed the portraits. Benefactor (ktitor
) of cathedral is depicted in the apex of the basic stem of tree in complete emperor ornate. Those departing of that depicted above the segment of sky angels entrust to it obtained from Christ itself insignii of emperor authority. Analogous fresco (1356-57) with the genealogical Tree of Nemanichies is located in the monastery of the Holiest Virgin in Mateich (Kumanovo). Here only among the ancestors Nemanichies there are represented the members of the Byzantine Comnen’s dynasty and Bulgarian Asen’s dynasty. The idea of the united reign of three Orthodox peoples - Serbians, Greeks and Bulgarians - inspired many medieval masters.
King Radoslav (to the left from King Urosh I in the centre). Fresco "Vine or genealogical Tree of Nemanichies" (until 1350). Visoki Dečani Monastery. Serbian province of Kosovo and Metohia.